Food Handling, FoodSafe and Food Safety Certification Courses in Canada

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Foodborne Illnesses: Shigellosis Infection

December 3rd, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar Ibrar in Food Handling Certification - (0 Comments)
Shigellosis Infection

Shigellosis Infection

Shigellosis is a type of food poisoning that is caused by an infection with the bacterium Shigella. It affects thousands of people each year, but children between ages two and four are the most common victims. Shigellosis is easily transmitted from one person to another. It takes ingestion of only less than 100 bacteria to cause symptoms to occur. The most common type of shigellosis is caused by the strain Shigella sonei, although there are more strains that can cause food poisoning as well.

Foods with Increased Risk of Shigellosis Infection

Shigella is not naturally present in food, thus it is usually accidentally transmitted to food from water polluted by human sewage. It is also possible to contaminate food from handling by an infected person and by cross-contamination due to unsanitary food handling practices. The following foods are at higher risk to carry shigellosis infection:

  • Raw oysters and shellfish from contaminated waters
  • Vegetables from fields with contaminated sewage
  • Salads that make use of pasta, seafood, poultry, different fruits and vegetables
  • Chopped turkey
  • Rice balls
  • Beans
  • Pudding
  • Deli meats
  • Unpasteurized milk
  • Water contaminated sewage

Causes of Shigellosis Infection

                There are different ways of transmitting shigellosis infection from one person to another. It is possible to be a carrier of Shigella without being aware of it. Shigellosis infection outbreak is more common in places where there are poor hygiene practices and under conditions of crowding.

  • Person-to-person
    • Direct contact with hands that were not washed properly
    • Not washing hands with soap after using the toilet
    • Not washing hands before handling food
  • Animal-to-person
    • Flies breeding in contaminated stool then contaminate other surfaces
  • Poor Quality Water
    • Drinking contaminated water
    • Bathing in contaminated waters
    • Eating contaminated food
    • Contaminated Surfaces

Signs and Symptoms of Shigellosis Infection

The incubation period of Shigella is usually one to three days, but may extend to as long as seven days. The infection usually lasts from two to seven days. The following are the signs and symptoms of a Shigella infection:

  • Abrupt abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhoea that may be bloody or may contain mucus
  • Fever

First Aid Management for Shigellosis Infection

The main goal for treatment for Shigellosis infection is to treat the symptoms and avoid dehydration from occurring. The following tips can help manage a Shigellosis infection:

  • Antibiotics are usually given to treat shigellosis infection, but this may not work in all types of Shigella bacteria.
  • Take plenty of rest.
  • Drink eight to ten glasses of clear fluids, preferably water.
  • Drink a cup of water or any rehydration drink after a large, loose stool
  • Instead of eating three big meals, eat small meals instead.
  • Put some salty food in the diet, such as pretzels, soup, and sports drinks. Add foods high in potassium, such as bananas, potatoes without the skin and fruit juices with plenty of water.
  • It is not ideal to take anti-diarrheal medications as it may cause the infection to last longer.

Disclaimer: This article does not provide medical advice and should not be substituted for formal training. The information given should not be used for self-diagnosis. Seek medical attention when necessary. It is important to recognise potential medical emergencies at all times to avoid complications from developing. To learn more about how to manage Shigellosis infection, enrol in First Aid Courses and CPR Courses with Red Cross Training.

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First Aid Management:Campylobacter Infection

November 29th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar Ibrar in Food Handling Certification - (0 Comments)

Campylobacter infection is commonly caused by ingesting food or drinking water contaminated with the aforementioned bacteria. It is frequently caused by the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni but it can also be caused by other species in the same genus. It is an illness of the gastrointestinal tract, thus most of its signs and symptoms, which will be discussed later in the article, affect the digestive system. Majority of the cases

are isolated cases rather than outbreaks. It is one of the most common causes of food poisoning or traveler’s diarrhoea.

Causes of Campylobacter Infection

The following are the reported causes of a Campylobacter infection:

  • Eating contaminated foods
  • Drinking infected water
  • Close contact with infected people or animals*

*Vomit and feces may contain traces of the Campylobacter bacteria

Common Food Sources of CampylobacterInfection

Campylobacter does not commonly grow on food, however it does easily

spread, thus even very few bacteria in food can already cause illness. The following are common food sources for a Campylobacter infection:

  • Red meat
  • Raw and undercooked poultry
  • Fresh poultry
  • Unpasteurized milk
  • Untreated water

Symptoms of Campylobacter Infection

Campylobacter Infection

Campylobacter Infection

The incubation period of the Campylobacterbacterium ranges from two to five days. The illness may last from two to days, depending on the severity of the illness. In some cases, complications such as dehydration can occur from excessive loss of fluids that can prolong the duration of the illness. The following are the common signs and symptoms of a Campylobacter infection:

  • Diarrhoea, usually watery, slimy and dark in colour; may be bloody
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Intense abdominal cramps
  • Fever

First Aid Management forCampylobacter Infection

Mild cases of Campylobacter infection do not usually require treatment or hospitalization. It is rarely life threatening. Most serious cases occur with very young children and the elderly. The main foal of first aid management for Campylobacterinfection is to manage the symptoms and avoid dehydration. The following is usually done in cases of Campylobacter infection:

  • Take plenty of rest.
  • Drink eight to ten glasses of clear fluids, preferably water and dilute rehydration solution. Every time there is a loose bowel movement, drink at least one cup of liquid.
  • Instead of eating three big meals, eat small meals instead.
  • Start by eating bland diet such as bread, toast, rice and fruit.
  • It is not ideal to take anti-diarrheal or antibacterial medications as it may cause the infection to last longer unless it is recommended by a doctor.These are usually advised in serious cases of infections.

Disclaimer: This article does not provide medical advice and should not be substituted for formal training. The information given should not be used for self-diagnosis. Seek medical attention when necessary. It is important to recognise potential medical emergencies at all times to avoid complications from developing. To learn more about how to manage Campylobacter food poisoning, enrol in First Aid Courses and CPR Courses with Red Cross Training.

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Food Safety Training in Ireland: FAQs

November 19th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar Ibrar in Food Handling Certification - (0 Comments)

Food Safety Training is important globally. So there is no

doubt that it is emphasized by all authorities in Ireland to get your food training certification from a reliable authority in order to keep your business valid. This article will try to answer all the questions you may have about food safety training in Ireland, who needs it and why.

The very first and foremost question that the brain conjures up is that who needs this training. Well the answer is every person handling the food needs to have such training in order to prevent unknowingly transfers harmful bacteria to the consumer. The staff has to be trained to handle food in a hygienic way and it is also a legal prerequisite. To get the staff done with food safety training is one of the core responsibilities of the main manager or owner of the food business. If the staff is responsible for the business’s Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP), they should be so trained.

The main authority that has command over these rules is the FSAI: Food Safety Authority Ireland. However, this authority does not provide food safety training courses. The only two courses it supervises are the Train the Trainer Workshops and Training for Management in the Chinese Food Sector. The FSAI itself does not register, approve or endorse any training academy of their programs. It merely tries to achieve the objective of safe food throughout Ireland and makes sure that the customers’ interests are protected through and through.

They do reiterate the importance of such training programs because they assist a food business to flourish and become lucrative. They raise the expected standards of the business and this means more customers. They reduce the risks of litigation in case of bad hygiene and even death of customers. In short, they save the business from a bad name. Such courses also provide incentive to the staff by raising their standards and improving their CV; for their next possible employer will not have to train them again and hence they have an added advantage. The image of the company is highly retained.

Three sectors should be covered by the staff and the manager in collaboration and teamwork, according to the FSAI. These include:

  • Personal hygiene
  • Cross contamination retrenchment
  • Food safety threats and how to control them
Food Safety Training

Food Safety Training

The FSAI, in their informative pamphlet, have identified a variety and range of options you could choose from when planning to get food safety training. You could recruit the services of a training provider and ask them to deliver a course training that fits perfectly to your business type and needs. You could also attend these courses online. A third option can be designing your own training programme with reference to different training guides. These guides can be very informative and helpful and provide checklists that can help you in your path. However, for this you need the special and pertinent expertise.

We hope this article helped resolve some of your doubts about food safety training and how is it related to Ireland.

For getting the Food handling certification, it is vital for

the person to know the number of choices when it comes to the food handling courses and training programs. Although, the food handling classes are not the necessary option for the workers opting the food and catering industry to start the career but with the help of a qualified certificate from a prestigious institute, one can get the higher position in the associated field of work. Depending upon the kind of job or the position of career, one can select the food handling course as there are many options. It is even easier for the person to search for the best food handling classes or a training school because the number of food handling schools is rapidly rising due to the high demand from the food and culinary industry.

Out of so many options to receive the food handling certification, the most common and highly popular is the online food handling training course. With the online training program, a worker can learn the basics of food handling, how to hygienically prepare the food for the guests and how to serve the food without making it contaminated. The hygienic food that is safe and healthy for the general public should be the greatest priority of any food business and it is the food handling course that enables the workers and even mangers to work in the safest environment that prevents the food-Bourne illnesses and diseases. Moreover, the training experts make the staff of food enterprise learn the habits of washing the hand and keeping them away from the face. This helps them in avoiding the spread of fatal diseases and food poison.

Safe and healthy food handling course certificate can only be earned by becoming the part of a reliable and authentic food handling school. Always make sure that the institute offering the course is free from any scam. The online food handling courses can also serve the right option but give some time in researching to join the best one. It is important because the worker has limited time to receive the education related to food handling and safety along with the job so, a good training course can provide the important information in a simplified way without consuming too much time. A little planning can lead to grab a professional certificate that can improve the chances of a career boost.

Food Handling Certification To Boost The Career In Food Service

Food Handling Certification To Boost The Career In Food Service

The other option is to attend the traditional classes to receive the food handling certification and there is no shortage of them too. However, the one can achieve the maximum benefit by joining the online program as it is more convenient to take the classes in free timings. In addition to this, an online course is more affordable than a traditional class. This is the major reason why the online training for safe food handling is gaining so much popularity over the last decade. For the career advancement, only take the course that is appropriate and relevant to the career and avoid the unnecessary courses that are not beneficial.

Food Handling Certification

Food Handling Certification

In the environment and health department of any state food safety issues command higher priority than most other issues. The health board of states enforces the requirement of food handling certification from all employees and management in the food service industry. This action is in response to the former high rate of victims of food-borne illness which has reduced drastically over the years.

It is only wise for everyone as an individual to make moves such as acquiring the food handling certificate to reduce the amount of victims of food illnesses caused by poor food handling procedures. Practicing safe food handling and storage procedures reduces the possibilities of bacterial infection in the food we eat.

Below are some tips from food handling certification course which the department of agriculture, public health board or food and drug administration of most countries and states approves.

  • Shopping for grocery at the stores.

Avoid shopping in convenience stores, supermarkets and restaurant that are not sanitized. In order to be certain, you can ask questions about their food handling practices. A majority of them will be more than happy to have a discussion with you about their food handling practices especially if they do especially if they do practice safe food handling.

  • Be sure of what you want to eat.

If for any reason you are not comfortable with you are being served in the restaurant or fast food restaurant, do not eat it or even purchase the food item. Also, makes sure that the dairy product in containers is not damaged in any way. Inspect them to make sure that they are not busted or leaking from the package. Any sign such as licking, burst or decoration in the food item might as well mean the food is contaminated.

  • Store food in appropriate temperature at all times.

Dairy products must be stored in the refrigerator after purchase, as well as animal, poultry, vegetable and fruit products. Storing these food products in the right environment and at the right temperature protects them from bacterial infection.

  • Always separate food items.

Each food item must be separated from a different food item. Therefore, store raw food products such as animal, seafood, poultry, and vegetable and fruit products in separate environment and at appropriate temperature. When storing leftovers, make sure that they are in a covered container before placing them in the refrigerator. Separating each food item from another prevents cross-contamination between them.

  • Avoid storing food for a long period of time.

Food especially leftovers should not be stored in the refrigerator for more than 3 days.

  • Avoid overstocking the refrigerator.

When the refrigerator is too full, the temperature increases and does not allow the cool air to circulate as it should. Hence, food in it will get contaminated.

  • Wash hands always.

Even though this seems like common sense, a lot of us are still

negligence to the fact that we need to wash our hands before, during and after handling food. It is a basic rule and must be practiced at all times, even when you have a short break while cooking or preparing food.

These and more are basic practice you must master and adhere to before you can earn the food handling certification.

Food Safety Classes – The Overview

October 4th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar Ibrar in Food Handling Certification - (0 Comments)

A career in the food service industry is increasingly becoming very demandingFood Safety Classes and rewarding as well. Demanding in the sense that the management of any food service company needs to prove to the state’s health board and the public that they are producing and delivering them with safe food. This demand is taught in food safety classes. While on the other hand rewarding in the sense that, people are now more dependent on the food service industry to produce and prepare the food they eat as long as they meet the previous demand. This as a result has now increased business for the food service industry; it is a good time to go for a career in the industry.


Who Exactly are Food Safety Classes Designed for?


The classes are designed for restaurant owners, restaurant managers and waiters. It is necessary for food service business owners and managers to have thorough knowledge and concern for food safety processing. It is their optimal responsibility to ensure that their customers’ health are not in any danger of the food they purchase from their restaurant. A waiter with a food safety certification has a better chance of getting a better waiting job in an upscale establishment. After completing food safety classes as a restaurant owner, a restaurant manager or a waiter, you will be opened to more opportunities in the industry.


An Overview of Food Safety Classes

One of the first and basic rule taught in a food safety class is how to follow proper hygiene. Why washing of hands is very important, how and what to wash with are some of the procedures in following this rule. The classes teach safe cooking methods, safe methods to store food. Food needs to be stored in the right temperature and researchers in the industry now know the exact temperature food items should be stored in order to protect them from bacteria and germ infection. There are a lot more procedures taught in food safety classes. Materials used to teach in class are updated regularly. A lot of effort is put into research so as to come up with better food safety procedures that meet the needs of our society today.


It is not hard to get an approved program that offers food safety classes neither is it to get one that is convenient and appropriate for your needs and interest. Most people now go for the online classes because they can complete the training at their own time and pace. This way earning the certificate does not disrupt their job and other activities going on in their lives during that period.


The classes are beneficial to not only managers and employees working in the industry but also to the general public as well. As a professional in the hotel and food industry, acquiring this knowledge gives you and hug over your competitors and helps you have a promising career in the industry.


It is important for the staffs of any food service business to have the food handling certification.

It protects the consumers of their produced and prepared food from any food-borne diseases or illnesses. Food handling certifications are awarded after a formal training that educate participants on the important food handling and food storage procedures set by the industry.

In general, there are two types of classes that offer food handling certification. One of them is referred to as the basic training program, it is  compulsory every newly employed staff in the food service industry must have or at least take the course on or before the first ten days of employment. The other is referred to as the refresher training program is taken o regular basis in order to keep up with new developments in the industry. The public health safety authorities make sure that the food service businesses comply with the rules and regulations. The primary aim of food handling certification programs is to improve the food handling procedures in the industry.

Food handling training program are delivered using several mediums. Some organizations deliver lectures in classrooms, for example in community colleges, some are delivered in the form of seminars to staffs in the premises of the company, some are delivered in digital electronic form like on the internet and so on. You have the opportunity to choose from available options, each option is designed for a particular purpose and a particular group of individual. You can find a program that suits your needs and fit into your schedule. The best and faster way to find a food handling certification program is through your local government safety office.

Most employers in the industry require that the employee have the food handling certification before employment. These employers also enroll their staffs in the refresher program on a regular basis in order to keeping up with the trend of the industry. Adequate documentation of the program contents is also made available to the staffs at all times so as to make sure there is no excuse for not following them.

Earn the food handling certification through online programs has also proven to be very effective and convenient for staffs already in the industry. Digital materials made accessible to participants of the program. These digital materials are usually video lectures, seminars and conferences that cover all the basics of proper food handling procedures. Though the online program might not be good enough for some of us who like to ask a lot of questions in the classroom, it might be just right for some you have busy schedule and are good at following simple instructions.

The public health department of every state is responsible for providing the Food Handling CertificationFood Handling Certificationtraining to those interested in earning the food handling certificate. It is also their responsibility to inspect the local food service business for thing like the measures the company has for pest control, how they store their food and much more on regular basis.

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